TRAINING FOR NEW EMPLOYEES
All new employees need careful induction into safe working methods within a company. This is particularly important where they have previously worked with another company or in a different work situation or are starting to work for the first time.
The first part of the induction scheme is usually intended to convey information about the company’s safety policy, its safety rules. And nay company requirements concerning the wearing of protective clothing and equipment. Other matters likely to be dealt with include the organisation of transport within the factory area the traffic rules applied and the precautions to be taken when going to work or leave for home.
In particular, young persons or others who have no experience of factory work should be told to keep work areas safe and tidy (picking up debris and discarded parts putting sand or sawdust on spills, disposing of oily waste) irrespective of whether or not it’s part of their job, in order to make a contribution to the general safety of the workplace. The second stage in safety training should be instruction about the first job. This is likely to be the task of the foreman or charge hand, although some companies may employ job instructors. Job safety analysis should have identified the key operations and associated hazards and the trainees can easily be taught safe methods of work.
The risks can be explained so that they understand that any deviation from safe methods result in an accident. It is equally important that the job supervisor keep an eye on the trainee during this period until the necessary routine has been satisfactorily acquired and to ensure that there is no deviation from the accepted safe practice. A potentially dangerous time is when the trainee thinks he knows the job and gives it less of his attention. He begins to take risks, look up from his work while his hands are still working, talks to workmates while continuing to work, and needs extra supervision.
Follow‐up training is vitally important. Follow‐up training courses for new entrants can be shorter than the original induction session but are just as important. Long‐term trainees, e.g. apprentices, are normally given more comprehensive instruction in regard to the safety aspects of the work generally and particularly about those jobs, which come within their trade. The apprentice training scheme should include through instruction on safety and health risks, hygiene, care of clothing, and the maintenance of machines, tools, equipment and materials associated with the trade concerned. Supervisors in training schools and senior worker taking acre of apprentices should stress the need for keeping tools in good order. Normally, instruction is given on the techniques of sharpening tools, grinding the heads of chisels and drills, and the importance of using safety equipment, e.g. goggles and shields. For all workers, follow‐up training revitalizes interest in safety and keeps them up to date with changing techniques and regulations that will affect them.